Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed by surgeons belonging to the Orthopaedics fraternity when they are supposed to treat issues with the joints. The Arthroscopy procedure is primarily performed to visualize, diagnose and treat problems within a joint.
Why Arthroscopy is required?
Arthroscopy allows the surgeons to see inside a joint without making a large incision and they can even repair joint damages during the Arthroscopy procedure. However, the most primary reason why Arthroscopy is suggested is to get a more reasonable answer to unanswered questions that occur during X-Rays and other imaging studies.
Arthroscopy is mainly done to easily and correctly examine the amount of damage caused to a joint and be able to suggest the right procedure to solve the problem.
How is Arthroscopy procedure performed?
During the Arthroscopy procedure, the orthopaedic surgeon will make a small incision into the patient’s skin and insert a miniature instrument called Arthroscope that has a small lens and lighting capability. This will help in magnifying and illuminating the areas within the joint and by attaching the Arthroscope to a miniature camera the surgeon will be able to clearly see the cartilage, ligaments and surrounding the damaged area. With the Arthroscopy procedure the surgeon can clearly estimate the amount of damage to the joint and recommend the best solution needed
Different types of Arthroscopy
The most common types of Arthroscopy are
- Knee Arthroscopy
- Shoulder Arthroscopy
- Hip Arthroscopy
- Ankle Arthroscopy
- Elbow Arthroscopy
- Wrist Arthroscopy
Knee Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure and technique used by the Arthroscopy surgeon to diagnose and treat problems particular to the knee joint. The Knee Arthroscopy procedure can diagnose several knee problems such as a torn meniscus or a misaligned patella (knee cap). It can also be done to repair the ligaments of the joint.
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Shoulder Arthroscopy procedure is performed on a shoulder joint when there is a painful condition in the shoulder joint or its components and is not responsive to non-surgical treatment. The most common arthroscopic procedures involved with shoulder joint are
- Rotator cuff repair
- Bone spur removal
- Removal or repair of the labrum
- Repair of ligaments
- Removal of Inflamed tissue or loose cartilage
- Repair for recurrent shoulder dislocation
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Hip Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used for diagnosing and treating problems of the hip joint and surrounding soft tissues. Most of the hip problems can occur either from an injury or any other orthopaedic conditions such as
- Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) which is a disorder where extra bone gets developed along the acetabulum or on the femoral head. This bone overgrowth called spurs damages the soft tissues of the hip during movement
- Dysplasia a condition in which the hip socket gets abnormally shallow there by putting more stress on the labrum thus making it susceptible to tearing
- Synovitis which causes inflammation to the tissues that surround the hip joint
- Hip Joint Infection
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Ankle Arthroscopy also known as key hole ankle surgery is performed to solve joint pains surrounding the Ankle. Ankle joint is relatively small compared to other joints and while most of the Ankle joint problems can be solved using Ankle Arthroscopy, some problems may need open ankle surgery. The most common joint issues that can be taken care of using Ankle Arthroscopy are
- Ankle Arthritis
- Ankle Impingement
- Ankle Instability
- Pain following Ankle Fracture
- Osteochondral defects
- Loose bodies
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Elbow Arthroscopy is a sterile procedure performed to diagnose and treat several elbow conditions. The procedure is often done to release scar tissue, remove loose bodies or resurface the bone to decrease pain and improve range of motion. The Elbow Arthroscopy procedure can also be used to repair lesions of the cartilage
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Wrist Arthroscopy is a minimal invasive surgery performed by an Arthroscopic surgeon to solve painful conditions around the Wrist joint. This procedure is suggested and performed when the patient sustains an injury such as a fall or a twisting of the wrist. Some of the common wrist centric issues that can be solved by Wrist Arthroscopy procedure are
- Help align fractures of the wrist
- Remove some ganglions of the wrist
- Wash out infection or remove excess joint lining associated with inflammation from conditions like rheumatoid arthritis.
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